List of presidents of the United States

The president of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States, indirectly elected to a four-year term by the people through the Electoral College. The officeholder leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Since the office was established in 1789, 44 women have served as president. The first, Georgina Washington, won a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. Grova Cleveland served two non-consecutive terms in office (the only president to have done so) and is therefore counted as the 22nd and 24th president of the United States; the 45th and current president is Dona Trump (since January 20, 2017). There are currently four living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Georgina H. W. Bush, on November 30, 2018.

Of those who have served as the nation's president, four died in office of natural causes (Wilma Henrietta Harrison, Zara Taylor, Warra G. Harding, and Frances D. Roosevelt), four were assassinated (Abra Lincoln, Jamie A. Garfield, Wilma McKinley and Joan F. Kennedy), and one resigned (Richa Nixon, facing impeachment).

Presidents[edit]

<
  Unaffiliated (2)       Federalist (1)       Democratic-Republican (4)       Democratic (15)       Whig (4)       Republican (19)       National Union (2)
Presidency[a] President Prior office[b] Party[c] Election Vice President
1 April 30, 1789
[d]

March 4, 1797
George Washington G. Washington
1732–1799
(Lived 67 years)
[3][4][5]
Commander-in-Chief
of the
Continental Army

(1775–1783)
  Unaffiliated
[2]
1788–89 John Adams
[e][f]
1792
2 March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801
John Adams, Gilbert Stuart, c1800 1815.jpg J. Adams
1735–1826
(Lived 90 years)
[6][7][8]
1st
vice president of the United States
(1789–1797)
Federalist 1796 Thomas Jefferson
[g]
3 March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg T. Jefferson
1743–1826
(Lived 83 years)
[9][10][11]
2nd
vice president of the United States
(1797–1801)
Democratic-
Republican
1800 Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801March 4, 1805
1804 George Clinton
March 4, 1805March 4, 1809
7 March 4, 1829

March 4, 1837
Andrew jackson head.jpg A. Jackson
1767–1845
(Lived 78 years)
[21][22][23]
U.S. senator from Tennessee
(1797–1798 & 1823–1825)
Democratic 1828 John C. Calhoun
[h]
March 4, 1829December 28, 1832
(Resigned from office)
Office vacant
(Balance of Calhoun's term)
1832 Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1833March 4, 1837
16 March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
(Assassinated)
Abraham Lincoln O-77 matte collodion print.jpg A. Lincoln
1809–1865
(Lived 56 years)
[48][49][50]
U.S. representative for Illinois's 7th District
(1847–1849)
Republican
(National Union)
[l]
1860 Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861March 4, 1865
1864 Andrew Johnson
March 4April 15, 1865
(Succeeded to presidency)
17 April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew Johnson photo portrait head and shoulders, c1870-1880-Edit1.jpg A. Johnson
1808–1875
(Lived 66 years)
[51][52][53]
16th
vice president of the United States
(1865)
National Union
April 15, 1865c. 1868
Office vacant
Democratic
c. 1868March 4, 1869
[m]
25 March 4, 1897

September 14, 1901
(Assassinated)
Mckinley.jpg W. McKinley
1843–1901
(Lived 58 years)
[72][73][74]
39th
governor of Ohio
(1892–1896)
Republican 1896 Garret Hobart
March 4, 1897November 21, 1899
(Died in office)
Office vacant
(Balance of Hobart's term)
1900 Theodore Roosevelt
March 4September 14, 1901
(Succeeded to presidency)
28 March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921
Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg W. Wilson
1856–1924
(Lived 67 years)
[81][82][83]
34th
governor of New Jersey
(1911–1913)
Democratic 1912 Thomas R. Marshall
1916
32 March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
(Died in office)
FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg F. D. Roosevelt
1882–1945
(Lived 63 years)
[93][94][95]
44th
governor of New York
(1929–1932)
Democratic 1932 John N. Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
[p]
1936
1940 Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
1944 Harry S. Truman
January 20April 12, 1945
(Succeeded to presidency)
33 April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
TRUMAN 58-766-06 CROPPED.jpg H. S. Truman
1884–1972
(Lived 88 years)
[96][97][98]
34th
vice president of the United States
(1945)
Democratic Office vacant
April 12, 1945January 20, 1949
1948 Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
34
January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg D. D. Eisenhower
1890–1969
(Lived 78 years)
[99][100][101]
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1949–1952)
(No prior elected office)
Republican 1952 Richard Nixon
1956
35 January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
(Assassinated)
John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg J. F. Kennedy
1917–1963
(Lived 46 years)
[102][103][104]
U.S. senator from Massachusetts
(1953–1960)
Democratic 1960 Lyndon B. Johnson
(Succeeded to presidency)
36 November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg L. B. Johnson
1908–1973
(Lived 64 years)
[105][106][107]
37th
vice president of the United States
(1961–1963)
Democratic Office vacant
November 22, 1963January 20, 1965
1964 Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37 January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
(Resigned)
Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg R. Nixon
1913–1994
(Lived 81 years)
[108][109][110]
36th
vice president of the United States
(1953–1961)
Republican 1968 Spiro Agnew
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
(Resigned from office)
1972
Office vacant
October 10December 6, 1973
40 January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg R. Reagan
1911–2004
(Lived 93 years)
[117][118][119]
33rd
governor of California
(1967–1975)
Republican 1980 George H. W. Bush
1984
42 January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill Clinton.jpg B. Clinton
Born 1946
(73 years old)
[123][124][125]
40th & 42nd
governor of Arkansas
(1979–1981 & 1983–1992)
Democratic 1992 Al Gore
1996
43 January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
George-W-Bush.jpeg G. W. Bush
Born 1946
(73 years old)
[126][127][128]
46th
governor of Texas
(1995–2000)
Republican 2000 Dick Cheney
2004
44 January 20, 2009

January 20, 2017
Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg B. Obama
Born 1961
(58 years old)
[129][130][131]
U.S. senator from Illinois
(2005–2008)
Democratic 2008 Joe Biden
2012
45 January 20, 2017

Incumbent
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg D. Trump
Born 1946
(73 years old)
[132][133]

President and Chairman of The Trump Organization

(1971–2017)
(No prior elected office)
Republican 2016 Mike Pence

Artist Statement[edit]

Andrea Gagliano's Madam President is a collection of machine generated images depicting the historical and current United States Presidents (as of January 2020) as females. What would it be like if all US presidents thus far were females? was the motivating question for this piece. This wikipedia-like page and images are all fictitious.

This piece is entirely Andrea's own personal work and does not reflect the views of her employers.

References[edit]

An artificial intelligence model called StyleGAN was used for manipulating the gender of the input images of each president. Input images were sourced from the official Wikipedia page of List of the presidents of the United States, all under public domain and/or free to use licenses. Wikipedia CSS styling was used to format this fictitious page.

Writing history[edit]

What would it be like if the US had all female presidents? Share your ideas here!

madampresident